The IBRL provides a hub of freely available measures and questionnaires that can be used for research purposes by students and researchers.


If you would like to use questionnaires from our repository, please follow the individual licensing and copyright instructions provided by the respective authors.


If you are the author of a questionnaire or measure and would like it added to our collection, please contact us via email.


Repository of Belonging Measures

School, Youth and Student Belonging

Attitude towards school 

School attitude questionnaire (SAQ)

Seker, 2011


California Healthy Kids Survey

California Department of Education, 2015

Elementary School Questionnaire

Middle School Questionnaire


Classroom Community Scale

Rovai, 2002


Identification with School Questionnaire

Voelkl, 1997

Source study


Measure of Belonging in Youth Development Programs 

Sense of belonging scale

Anderson-Butcher & Conroy, 2002


Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS)
Midgley et al., 2000


Psychological Sense of School Membership Scale

Goodenow, 1993

Source study

The Development of the French Version of the Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM) Questionnaire: An Analysis of its Structure, Properties and Potential for Research with at-risk Students II (French)

St-Amand et al., 2020

Research Assessment Package for Schools 
Institute for Research and Reform in Education, 1998

School Belonging Scale for Primary School Student 

Canbulat et al., 2020


School Belongingness Scale
Arslan & Duru, 2017
Source study

School Connectedness Scale 
Lohmeier & Lee, 2011

School Engagement Scale

Fredericks, Blumenfeld, Friedel & Paris, 2005

Source study

School Success Profile

Bowen, Richman, Bowen, & Broughton, 2003

Sense of Social and Academic Fit

Walton & Cohen, 2007

Student Engagement in School (APA)

Lam et al., 2014

Student Engagement Instrument (SEI)

Appleton & Christenson, 2004

Student Sense of School Community Scale

Roberts, Horn & Battistich, 1995

The Communities That Care Youth Survey
Communities That Care Ltd, 2010

The Hemingway Measure of Adolescent Connectedness 
Karcher, 2001 
Source Study

Youth Self Report for Ages 11-18
Achenbach & Edelbrock, 1987 

Belonging Scale (to after care programs)

Gambone & Arbreton 1997

The Milwaukee Youth Belongingness Scale (MYBS)

Slaten, Rose, Bonifay, & Ferguson, 2018

Simple School Belonging Scale

Whiting, Everson, & Feinauer, 2017

Inclusion of Other in the Self (IOS) Scale 
Aron, Aron, & Smollan, 1992

University Belonging

Teacher Belonging

Students’ and Teachers’ Sense of School as a Caring Community

Student Sense of School Community Scale, Teacher Sense of School Community Scale

Roberts, Horn & Battistich, 1995

General Belonging

Sense of Belonging to Science (German)

Feser, 2020

Identification with All Humanity Scale

McFarland, Webb, & Brown, 2012

Internet Social Capital Scales

Williams, 2006


Measures of Social Identification
Cruwys, Haslam, Dingle, Haslam, & Jetten, 2014

Measuring In-group Identification 
Leach et al., 2008

Motivation and Engagement Scale (MES)

Liem & Martin, 2012


Motivation and Engagement Scale – High School

Martin, 2013

Need to Belong Scale

Leary, 2013

Source study

Perceived Belonging in Sport Scale
Allen, 2006


Perceived Social Isolation 
Loneliness Scale
Hughes, Waite, Hawkley, & Cacioppo, 2004


Psychological Sense of Organisational Membership

Cockshaw & Shochet, 2010

Source study

Sense of Belonging Instrument (SOBI)

Hagerty & Patusky, 1995

Social Connectedness

Van Bel, Smolders, Ijsselsteijn & deKort, 2009


Social Connectedness and Social Assurance Scales

Lee & Robbins, 1995

Social Connectedness Scale – Revised 
Lee, Draper, & Lee, 2001 

The General Belongingness Scale

Malone, Pillow & Osman, 2012


Measures from Dissertation/Thesis

Belonging, Conformity and Social Status in Early Adolescence

My Relationships with Other Kids My Age Belonging Measure

Grinman, 2002


Students Connectedness Questionnaire

Sugar, 2012


School Attachment Questionnaire

Howard & Ziomek-Daigle, 2009

School Connectedness Student Survey
Johnson, 2010

Sense of Belonging among Middle School Students:

School Membership Questionnaire

Carson, 2014

University Connectedness Scale

Stallman & Hurst (no year)

Measures not from Journals

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